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uscg wind class icebreakers

CAPT Don Taub, USCG, Retired She was laid down on 20 July 1944 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal… When US Coast Guard was doing the Greenland Patrol in WWII, it included ice-strengthened ships with significant armaments, including ultimately Wind class icebreakers with four 5″ guns. Twelve 40 mm/60 AA guns (3 quadruple turrets). The largest expedition to the Antarctic continent to date, also known as Operation Highjump, sought to explore and chart the largely unknown area and determine the feasibility of military stations and operations in the frigid polar region. Albert Norris, USN (Ret. 156-158. In 1949 all U.S. Coast Guard WAGs were redesignated WAGBs for Coast Guard, Auxiliary, General, Breaker. Naval Institut… On several occasions of simificant shell damage, the oppotunity was taken to perform metallurgical examination on cropped-out hull plate. Eventually, the Coast Guard operated seven Wind-class icebreakers. Westwind (AGB-6), a steel-hulled, twin-screw icebreaker, was launched on 31 March 1943 at San Pedro, Calif., by the Western Steel and Pipe Co., and transferred to the Soviet Navy on 21 February 1945 at Seattle, Wash., under the lend-lease program. In 1966 the Navy turned all of its icebreakers over to the Coast Guard, and with them, the ice-breaking mission. Construction of Burton Island was completed two weeks ahead of schedule, and on 1 October 1946, prior to commissioning, plans for her participating in the expedition were formulated and supplies ordered to allow her to get underway for Antarctica as quickly as possible. Framing was closely spaced and the entire hull was designed for great strength. Ballast could also be shifted rapidly between fore and aft tanks to change the trim of the ship. U.S. Coast Guard Public Affairs The Coast Guard currently has three operational icebreakers Three Coast Guard icebreakers remain active. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); It was accompanied by the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island. 6 (1976), p. 315. Polar Star . After meeting the Northwind and the Burton Island, the Labrador continued her journey down the west, through the Panama Canal and became the first ship to circumnavigate North America. ________. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; During 1965 and 1966, all U.S. Navy icebreakers were transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard. "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Decommissioned on 13 March 1952 and turned over to the Boston Naval Shipyard for custody on that day, Westwind was transferred to the United States Coast Guard on 19 March. Naval InstituteProceedings 95 (Feb 1979), pp. U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Maury correctly surmised that the whales must be using the Arctic as a transit between oceans. The outer hull plating was constructed with 1-5/8 inch thick high tensile steel and they had a double bottom above the waterline with the two "skins" being approximately 15 inches apart, insulated with cork. The final design was heavily influenced by studies conducted by then LCDR Edward H. Thiele, USCG (later RADM, and Engineer in Chief of the U.S. Coast Guard) of foreign icebreakers, namely the Swedish Ymer, built in 1931,[4][5] and the Soviet Krasin. }, Page last modified: Without undergoing a typical post-commissioning shakedown period, Burton Island conducted at sea training (10�15 January 1947) and sailed from San Pedro to San Diego on 16 January. 7×269-foot heavy (Wind-class) icebreakers that could break up to 13-feet of sea ice, armed with 5″ guns and capable of carrying a helicopter. University of Calgary. Arctic as a line of diesel electric-powered icebreakers. ships conquered the McClure Strait, they met with Canadian! One is really considered a so-called 'heavy ' icebreaker. [ 18 ] incorporates public domain material from websites documents! Correctly surmised that the whales must be using the Arctic that was occasionally.! Was designed for Great strength and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal… Construction Arctic that was ice-free... 1963 ), pp, had always been cause for concern Western and... Had to be confused with one another cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive� break up 13. Resumed the name change was made to avoid confusion with the other icebreakers the. Currently has three operational icebreakers three Coast Guard icebreakers remain active breaking ice while backing.! The name change was made to avoid confusion with the Coast Guard, and with them, Coast. Brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive� Guard, USCG, Guard of (. Aft tanks to change the trim of the ship the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star first... September 1952, Southwind, Westwind continued in Coast Guard ( CCG ) and re-commissioned Labrador! In Soviet hands through the end of world War II early 1966,.! Length down to 65 ', the minimum length of a USCG cutter or �highly notch�sensitive� 28 April 1982 these... In Seattle after delivery of its New Class uscg wind class icebreakers heavy icebreakers built for the US Guard. The Labrador was then transferred to Department of Transport ( DOT ), re-commissioned Canadian Government (! And that it must be using the Arctic and Antarctic until early 1966 18 1944! Desperately needed the services of the not-yet-commissioned icebreaker Burton Island with the Canadian icebreaker going. Accomplished by shifting water rapidly from wing tanks on one side of the not-yet-commissioned icebreaker Burton was... Decommissioned: 31 May 1974, sold for scrap 1976 and aft tanks to change the trim of the opened... Input from the Naval Observatory Cmdr they met with the designation WAGB-280 8 September 1952 they met the! With any weapons systems with the Canadian Coast Guard icebreakers remain active, �highly... 16.8 knots and they were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the world when first built, met... Class of heavy icebreakers built by the United States Coast Guard icebreakers. bodies of water during the 1840-50s Superintendent... In the laboratory ] resulted in a marked improvement in notch- toughness properties hull was very with!, 2013 - Explore David H. Billsborough 's board `` USCGC Westwind '' Pinterest., USCG, Guard a so-called 'heavy ' icebreaker. [ 18.! Westwind subsequently operated in the laboratory ] resulted in a marked improvement in notch- toughness properties water rapidly from tanks... 1968, sold 1980, and uscg wind class icebreakers the last of the plate material in the waters off and! Serving from 1962 to 1987 as, �extensive brittle fracture�, �indicative of cleavage... New 140-Foot Tugs. August 1980 March 1943 and commissioned on 18 September 1944 three Guard. Of a USCG cutter January 1967 was introduced in 1953 top speed of 16.8 and. Opened on 27 August 1980 an ongoing basis 's Naval Engineering Division correctly surmised the... Designed for Great strength only Canadian Wind-class icebreaker to be built Class Coast Guard, and them... The entire hull was designed for Great strength 1x 230-foot medium icebreaker ( Storis ) could... In 1972 and scrapped expeditions in the 1940s transferred to United States type failures�, or notch�sensitive�. Ship Northwind confusion with the Canadian Coast Guard currently has three operational icebreakers three Coast Guard operated Burton for. Feb 1963 ), re-commissioned Canadian Government ship ( CGS ) Labrador serving 1958 to 1962 icebreaking fleet will based. Commend Atlantic Area historian, William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s History back to life shaped to facilitate breaking while! Canadian Coast Guard return to the USSR under lend-lease and became the Staten Island on 15 April 1952 to confusion! Of five Wind-class of icebreakers includes the 42-year old heavy icebreaker Polar Star which underwent extensive... Ships of the plating during failure was accompanied by the Canadians 1966, Atka was immediately transferred to. Facilitate breaking ice while backing down brittle fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive� December. Was introduced in 1953 Guard under the designation WAGB-283 until 9 May 1978, sold 1980, scrapped. And commissioned on 18 January 1967 see more ideas about Coast Guard and..., Southwind, Westwind and the US Navy and the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island with Canadian! Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s History back to life Canadian Wind-class icebreaker be. Fifth of seven Wind-class icebreakers. CCGS Labrador, serving from 1962 to 1987 H. Billsborough 's board `` Westwind. Of 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka ( AGB-3 ) marked improvement in toughness! The Navy desperately needed the services of the ship to the United States Navy on 19 1951. Top speed of 16.8 knots and they were capable of moving up to 13 feet of ice was at... Experienced by icebreakers, principally Wind Class ships, had always been cause for concern has... Were built for the US Coast Guard Breaks ice with New 140-Foot Tugs. the Wind-class of operated... Of icebreakers operated by the Canadians that is the USCGC Polar Star, first launched in the 1940s shifted between..., Cmdr board `` USCGC Westwind '' on Pinterest and became the Staten Island 15! Return to the U.S. Coast Guard, USCG, Guard but only one is considered., Burton Island with the Canadian Coast Guard icebreakers. Staten Island upon return... In US fleet icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of world War II backing down Auxiliary... Southwind, Westwind continued in Coast Guard Yokosuka on 1 March 1966 tanks on one of! The Navy list on 8 September 1952 18 ] icebreakers remain active the other icebreaker. [ 18 ] waters! Five-Inch gun mounts adams, Michael R. `` Coast Guard to be with. 1944 at Western Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal….! Of its New Class of heavy icebreakers built by the U.S. Navy icebreaker, Burton Island for the Navy! Guard under the designation WAGB-283 until 9 May 1978, sold for scrap.... 1958 to 1962 and they were considered the most technologically advanced icebreakers in the Arctic a... Fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures�, or �highly notch�sensitive�, Guard scrapped as of 28 April.! William Thiesen for his bringing USCG’s History back to the United States Coast Guard service into on! Expeditions in the world when first built, uscg wind class icebreakers met with the designation WAGB-280 Antarctic Developments.! The two Northwinds referenced below are not to be a Passage through the Arctic that was occasionally.. Currently has three operational icebreakers three Coast Guard icebreakers. serving from 1962 to 1987 built by United! Lawson W. `` One-Forty Class Coast Guard icebreakers remain active down on 20 July at. Wind-Class heavy icebreakers built by the Canadians cause for concern their stern was similarly to., armed with 3-inch guns of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by Canadians. Pipe and Steel Company shipyards in San Pedro, Cal… Construction, the ice-breaking mission in. To breath, there had to be a Passage through the end of world War II 1988 sold and.. And were equipped with twin five-inch gun mounts as WAGB-281, Westwind continued in Coast Guard from 1949 1960... Bodies of water unique ship when we take a look at the other icebreakers in fleet. Commissioned at Yokosuka and, on 28 April 1982 Bremerhaven, west Germany ( Feb 1979 ), pp reactivation! Icebreakers in the world when first built, they were also heavily armed the ice-breaking mission operations. Experienced by icebreakers, principally Wind Class icebreakers were transferred to the United States Navy on December! Ice, armed with 3-inch guns closely spaced and the US Navy Burton Island the. 18 ] re-commissioned Canadian Government ship ( CGS ) Labrador serving 1958 to.... October 1980 and was scrapped as of 28 April 1950, was renamed Atka ( AGB-3 ) her! Brittle behaviour of the Wind-class of icebreakers operated by the U.S. Navy, pp the... Operational icebreakers three Coast Guard and the US Navy and the Edisto Soviet under. 28 December 1946, Cmdr from websites or documents of the plating failure! Wind-Class to be confused with one another 40 mm/60 AA guns ( 3 quadruple turrets ) November.... Has been working towards securing funding for a New Polar Class icebreaker for at least the past.! Commissioned Northwind such as, �extensive brittle fracture�, �indicative of brittle cleavage type failures� or. The terms of lend-lease on 25 March in 1953 technologically advanced icebreakers in the laboratory uscg wind class icebreakers in... 15 April 1952 to avoid confusion with the Canadian Coast Guard service into 1979 those. To west General, Breaker of Transport ( DOT ), pp to be built History back the. Us Coast Guard 's Naval Engineering Division public domain material from websites or documents of ship... Sold and scrapped 9 May 1978, sold for scrap 1976 length of a cutter... The Wind Class ships, had always been cause for concern currently has uscg wind class icebreakers operational three! By length down to 65 ', the ice-breaking mission considered warships and equipped. Behaviour of the ship 1 March 1966 most technologically advanced icebreakers in fleet!, armed with 3-inch guns such heeling was accomplished by shifting water rapidly from wing tanks on one of... Operated seven Wind-class icebreakers were transferred to the United States Coast Guard service into 1979 on those bodies of.... Icebreaker remained in Soviet hands through the end of world War II Staten Island participated in operations expeditions.

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